Investor Relations | Management Policy

Business Risks

Listed below are items that, among those relating to “Review of operations” and “Consolidated Financial Statements and Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements” stated in the Annual Securities Report, may significantly influence investor decisions. The following risks include forward-looking statements based on judgments current as of the filing date of the Annual Securities Report on June 23, 2021. However, it is difficult to reasonably predict when each risk will materialize if at all.

Risks concerning changes in economic trends

The electronics industry, TDK’s field of operations, is highly susceptible to social and economic trends in the U.S., Europe, Asia, and particularly China and Japan, which are the main markets for end products. In addition, markets in these countries and regions are constantly exposed to various risk factors such as political issues, international issues, and economic fluctuations. Although TDK monitors such world risk trends and takes timely measures in response to them, there is no guarantee that adequate and timely measures can always be taken. And, if changes beyond our expectations occur in such business environments, such changes could significantly affect business results.

(Major Countermeasures)

In order to minimize the negative impact on TDK's business performance caused by economic trend changes, we view improvement in capital efficiency as one of the priority issues in the medium-term and are conducting several measures (optimization of manufacturing sites, examination of capital investment plan, improvement of business efficiency in headquarters, etc.) for that.

Risks concerning fluctuations in currency exchange

TDK conducts business activities globally. Indeed, more than 90% of net consolidated sales are accounted for by overseas sales, and many transactions are conducted in currencies other than the yen, such as the U.S. dollar or euro. A sudden appreciation of the yen against these currencies could affect earnings such as by reducing net sales and operating income. In order to mitigate these risks, TDK is working to purchase more raw materials in foreign currencies and increase the local procurement of supplies consumed overseas. Foreign currency fluctuations also give rise to conversion differences with respect to our investments in overseas assets and liabilities, which are converted into yen in our consolidated financial statements. We estimate that appreciation of one yen against the U.S. dollar and euro would push down TDK group’s annual operating profit by about 1.2 billion yen and 200 million yen respectively. Measures are taken against fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates, including procuring foreign currency-denominated funds and concluding forward foreign exchange contracts; however, sudden or significant fluctuations in exchange rates could have a significant adverse effect on TDK's financial position and business results.

(Major Countermeasures)

Transactions between overseas subsidiaries and the headquarters (Japan) are carried out in the local currency as much as possible to reduce the risk of foreign currency exchange fluctuations of overseas subsidiaries. The risk is consolidated at the headquarters and comprehensive exchange contracts are made from Japan to reduce the risk of overall currency exchange fluctuations. Overseas subsidiaries also use foreign exchange contracts, etc., as necessary to mitigate that risk. In order to reduce the impact of foreign currency fluctuations at the operating income stage, we are promoting U.S. dollar-based purchasing and Japanese yen-based sales or Chinese yuan-based sales.

Risks concerning interest rate fluctuation

TDK, as necessary, has financial assets, such as cash deposits and government bonds, and financial liabilities such as loans from banks, corporate bonds, and lease obligations. Fluctuations in interest rates over such assets and debts could affect the interest income, and interest expense, and the value of financial assets and liabilities, which could have a significant effect on TDK’s financial position and business results.

(Major Countermeasures)

Regarding the risk of rising interest rates, we are working to reduce the risk of interest rate fluctuations by raising low-interest and fixed-rate funds through corporate bonds and bank loans. With regard to the risk of declining interest rates, we focus on guaranteeing principal and invest mainly in time deposits. While watching interest rate trends, we control the risk by investing for a relatively short period of time when interest rates are rising and a relatively long period of time when interest rates are falling.

Risks concerning natural disasters, electricity supply and pandemics

TDK has many production factories and research and development facilities in Japan and overseas. These facilities and plants have taken disaster-protection and infection-control measures and purchased their own power generation facilities to cope with electricity shortages in preparation for unexpected natural disasters and infection outbreaks. However, significant damage could be incurred at these facilities and plants due to an event beyond BCP (Business Continuity Planning) assumptions, such as a large earthquake, tsunami, typhoon, flood, or volcanic eruption; or a large-scale blackout or electricity shortages caused by them. In the event of interruption to manufacturing, disruption of transportation routes, damage to or disconnection of information and communications infrastructure, impairment of central functions, or significant damage to our customers themselves due to the impact of such occurrences, orders and supply could be affected for a long period of time. This situation could have a significant effect on business results.

Furthermore, if the economy deteriorates, our offices are closed, or the supply chain is disrupted due to continuing or further spread of the COVID-19 infection, it may have a significant impact on our business performance.

(Major Countermeasures)

TDK is formulating BCP (Business Continuity Planning) for each major business and establishing BCM (Business Continuity Management) system so that production can be resumed as soon as possible in the event of an emergency. In addition, not only the manufacturing department but also the sales and headquarters staff functions have a BCP in the same way to prepare for emergencies so that the entire functions of the company will not be suspended. Globally, TDK is promoting the introduction of a system that enables real-time information sharing between our overseas subsidiaries and the headquarters to quickly grasp the damage situation in the event of an emergency.
In terms of securing the supply chain in the event of a disaster, even if business cannot be continued due to a large-scale disaster that exceeds assumptions, in accordance with the procedure stipulated by the BCP, TDK is preparing to continue priority operations at affected locations such as payment to suppliers and continuation of material supplies from alternative sites.

To cope with the COVID-19 pandemic, TDK established a Crisis Management Corporate Headquarters headed by the president in January 2020 and worked on measures to reduce the risk of its employees being infected. Examples of such measures include education for employees about hygiene management such as thorough hand washing and proper wearing of masks, ensuring social distance in factories, and promotion of work from home. While implementing these measures, we are working closely with local governments to continue production activities while ensuring the health and safety of employees. Furthermore, the Crisis Management Committee has issued a warning notice to TDK's worldwide sites instructing that each office or plant should thoroughly implement infection prevention measures for their employees and visitors, such as from vendor company, to avoid delays in production or shipment due to the temporary closure of operation caused by the infection.

Risks in international business activities

TDK conducts operations globally, and its overseas sales accounts for more than 90% of total sales on a consolidated basis.

In many of our target markets and emerging countries that are expected to see economic development going forward, TDK may be exposed to international political risks such as war, terrorism or other events, domestic political and economic risks such as fluctuations in currency exchange, tariff raising, import/export restrictions, and social risks including labor problems stemming from differences in cultures and customs, and diseases. There may be unknown risks in building relationships with trading partners due to differences in commercial and business customs. If these risks materialize, they could reduce or halt manufacturing activities, force the stagnation of sales activities and in turn have a significant adverse effect on business results.

In particular, our group's sales to China exceed 50% of total sales on a consolidated basis. In order to establish a system for supplying both local customers and foreign-owned companies that have been setting up operations in China, we have many factories in China. As a result, our tangible fixed assets in China are 417.5 billion yen, and the amount of production at our Chinese factories exceeds 60% of the total amount of production of entire Group. If problematic events occur in China due to above-mentioned political factors (such as changes in laws and regulations), economic factors (such as the continuity of high growth and status of infrastructure development such as electric power supply) or social environment factors, there could be a significant effect on business results.

(Major Countermeasures)

To deal with risks in international business activities, the government relations function established in the headquarters and the regional headquarters in the Americas, Europe, and China are used to grasp and analyze risk-related information in each region and changes in laws and regulations in each country. In particular, we recognize that global geopolitical risks, such as the recent conflict between the United States and China, are critical risks, and are working on taking appropriate measures. Furthermore, while most production is in the areas of demand, we are appropriately reviewing the location of factories, considering country risks and other factors.

Risks concerning corporate social responsibility

TDK has, for the sustainable development of society and SDGs as an indicator, recognized corporate social responsibility, such as care for the global environment, improvement of the working environment, and respect for human rights, as important management issues. Also, TDK has been working to understand and continuously improve issues through self-assessment, auditing, training, and dialogue according to the action standards of RBA (Responsible Business Alliance) in all business operations including supply chain management. However, in case there are problems related to environmental pollution, industrial health and safety such as industrial accident, child labor, forced labor, or human rights such as discrimination to foreign workers, despite of our efforts, decline of social trust in TDK, suspension of business transactions, or withdrawal of partial business may have a significant effect on our business results.

In case related laws, regulations, or international initiatives’ standards, etc., are materially tightened, expenses to adapt to such tightening may become unexpectedly high, or a part of business may be withdrawn. This could have a significant effect on our business results.

(Major Countermeasures)

We remain committed to respecting human rights in the TDK Code of Conduct, and explicitly prohibit any form of forced labor. In addition, the TDK Group Human Rights Policy clarifies our approach to respecting human rights, conducting various surveys and audits in the supply chain and communication with stakeholders in accordance with this policy. In the process, if we determine that there is an act that deviates from the Code of Conduct, we will take necessary measures to correct it.

We have set “Consider the Societal and Environmental Impact of the Supply Chain” as one of our key CSR issues and are working on this theme globally. For our own manufacturing sites, CSR Group takes the lead in conducting CSR self-checks, labor and business ethics risk assessments on an annual basis and conducts internal CSR audits and CSR audits by third-party auditing firms periodically for each production site. Especially as efforts to prevent child labor, in addition to the above, we conduct additional self-assessment with respect to our own manufacturing sites and contract manufacturing sites located in a high-risk area. Furthermore, Human Resources HQ promotes the management of working hours on a global basis to prevent forced labor.

Regarding changes and tightening of laws and regulations, we closely monitor each country’s laws, environmental regulations, social conditions, and customer trends, etc., and are trying to reduce the risk by quickly responding to these changes.

Risks concerning Climate Change

The emission of greenhouse gases that are contributing to global warming has been increasing. As represented by the "Paris Agreement" adopted in COP 21 in Dec 2015, a sense of crisis for Climate Change has been increasing. The Transition Risk (indirect loss risks due to changes in policy and regulation, technology development, market trends, market evaluations, etc.) and the Physical Risk (direct loss risks caused by Climate Change), as is shown below, could have a significant adverse effect on TDK's financial position.

【Transition Risk】e.g.
- Loss of sales due to increased costs and delays in responding to the customers’ request of introducing renewable energy
- Production stop and loss of sales due to increase of introducing carbon tax around the world and tightening other environmental law restrictions
【Physical Risk】e.g.
- Outbreak of recovery costs for facilities and production due to unexpected floods caused by huger typhoon or sudden heavy rainfall

On the other hand, since TDK manufactures and sells many products that contribute to the creation of renewable energy and to the energy savings in the final customer product, we consider that increasing social interests in the Climate Change Risk could be good opportunities to expand the demand for our products.

(Major Countermeasures)

Based on a TCFD (Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures) recommendation that we agreed with in May 2019, the environmental officer became responsible for initiating countermeasures to Climate Change Risk in connection with our business.

As for Transition Risk, aiming at the goal of “Environmental Vision 2035" halving CO2 emissions in a life cycle perspective by 2035, we are promoting energy savings, introduction of renewable energy, and sales expansion of products which contribute to energy savings. As for Physical Risk, since natural disasters beyond assumptions are becoming more likely, the possibility and impact of those risks are further analyzed, and those specified risks would be dealt as part of the BCP (Business Continuity Plan).

Risks of taxation

TDK has manufacturing bases and sales entities throughout the world, and we conduct a lot of international transactions between group companies. We pay close attention to make transaction prices appropriate from the perspective of transfer pricing taxation and customs laws in each applicable country. However, due to differences of opinions with tax authorities or customs authorities, we may incur additional tax burden as a result of indication that the transaction prices are inappropriate. And, due to the enforcement, introduction, amendment or abolition of tax laws or their interpretations and operations around the world, we may incur an increase of tax burden.

With respect to deferred tax assets, we have periodically evaluated their feasibility according to the prospect of future taxable income and the profit plan to be realizable by tax. When the future profit plan cannot be realized, or when the evaluation of feasibility is reviewed due to the enforcement, introduction, amendment or abolition of tax laws or their interpretations and operations, we may have to increase the valuation allowance of deferred tax assets.

When such events occur, that could have a significant effect on business results.

(Major Countermeasures)

For risks in international transactions among TDK group companies, we conduct transfer price monitoring within TDK Group and take measures to reduce the risk if it is judged to be high. In addition, taxation risk analysis is conducted at the time of changing business flow or starting new transactions, and measures are taken as needed.

About the risk concerning effect, enforcement, or introduction of tax law or its interpretation, we exchange information between the headquarters and each regional headquarters and try to grasp the information on tax revisions of each country in advance, and identify the impact on the TDK group.

Risks concerning technological innovation and new product development

In TDK, the launch of new products imbuing value on a timely basis helps boost our profitability. We also believe ongoing new product development is key to our survival. We believe that our ability to increase sales by developing appealing, innovative products has an important role to play in our growth. We are therefore engaged in new product development as an important element of our management strategies. However, it is extremely difficult to precisely predict future demand in the rapidly changing electronics industry. TDK may fail to continue to develop and supply, in a timely manner, attractive and new products with innovative technologies for this industry and our markets. Research and development divisions in TDK continuously reshape the framework based on analysis of market trends, along with conducting development management to promote the prioritization of development themes. Nevertheless, there is a risk that a loss of sales opportunities could result in the loss of future markets, as well as existing markets. This may have a significant adverse effect on business results and growth prospects.

(Major Countermeasures)

In new product development, all relevant functions are involved in reviewing and evaluating each development theme from start to end, judging marketability of new products and promoting productization. Also, we organized the corporate marketing function starting from April 2021 to grasp accurate market trends and make quick feedback to new product development through the company-wide cross-functional system. It helps to respond to changes in the market in a timely manner.

Furthermore, by collaboration with venture companies that were invested in through TDK Ventures established in July 2019, we can quickly detect new technology trends, reinforce technology roadmaps, and are working on entering a new market.

Risks concerning price competition

TDK supplies electronic components in a broad range of fields in an electronics industry where competition is intensifying. These fields include ICT represented by smartphones, the automobiles field, where use of onboard electronics is increasing, and energy related fields such as solar and wind power generation. Price is one of the main competitive factors differentiating us from other companies in the industry in which leading Japanese companies and international companies in South Korea, Taiwan and China have fueled intense price competition.

TDK is working to promote ongoing cost-cutting initiatives and increase profitability to counter this market competition. However, such price trends could have a significant effect on business results.

(Major Countermeasures)

In each business of TDK, we strive to avoid price competition by creating high value-added products, and continuously promote cost reduction measures. Also, we are working to improve capital efficiency and profitability company-wide, and strive to minimize the negative impact of lowering price on our business performance.

Risks concerning raw material procurement

TDK’s manufacturing system is premised on securing raw materials and other supplies in adequate quality and quantity in a timely manner from multiple external suppliers. However, for major raw materials, we may rely on a limited number of difficult-to-replace suppliers. Because of this, there may be cases where supplies of raw materials and other products to us are interrupted by a disaster, an accident or some other event at a supplier, supply is suspended due to quality or other issues, or there is a shortage of supply due to an increase in demand for finished products. Moreover, there may be cases where local procurement necessitated by increased overseas production is negatively affected by overseas circumstances. If any of these situations becomes protracted, it could have a significant, adverse effect on production and prevent us from fulfilling our responsibilities to supply products to our customers. If the supply-demand balance in the market is disrupted, it may considerably increase costs of manufacturing through run-ups in the prices we pay for raw materials and rises in fuel prices, including oil. When such cases occur, there could be a significant effect on business results.

(Major Countermeasures)

The procurement risk of raw materials (suspension, stop, or shortage of supply) is monitored continuously and shared with the related business division, while working on risk avoidance by multi-sourcing and long-term supply agreements.

As for materials, devices, and parts which are being procured from local sources, the possibilities of alternative procurement from other countries are being investigated for risk avoidance while understanding the material supply situation in other countries using a network of trading companies that could be known in the process of material source survey.

For conflict minerals, we investigate smelters according to the framework of the "Responsible Mineral Initiative." In addition, we have properly identified the CSR compliance status on the supplier side, such as working environment.

Risks concerning customer performance and management policy changes

TDK is developing business-to-business transactions on a global scale, whereby we supply electronic components to customers in the electronics and automotive markets.
We work to reduce risk by conducting transactions with a variety of customers and take measures such as setting transaction terms and conditions based on our evaluation of a customer’s credit risk.

However, our business may be significantly affected by various factors that are beyond our control, such as changes in each customer’s business results and management strategies. In addition, a decline in purchasing demand due to customers’ poor business performance, strong discounting request from customers due to changes in their purchasing policies and practices, the unexpected termination of contracts or other occurrences could result in excess inventory or a reduction in profit margins.

In the event that our customers go through reorganizations caused by mergers and acquisitions effected by enterprises of different business types or by competitors domestically or abroad, this situation could have a significant effect on TDK’s business results, including a marked decline in orders or the cancellation of all business transactions.

There was one customer group that accounted for more than 10 percent of the consolidated net sales for the year ended March 31, 2021. The sales to the customer group was approximately 196.8 billion yen (13% of the consolidated net sales). These sales were mainly booked in the Energy Application Products segment.

(Major Countermeasures)

When investing in the equipment dedicated to a specific customer, we try to reduce the risk of investment by concluding a contract that impose on the customer a certain amount of guaranteed product purchase.

We always try to collect information about the movement of industry reorganization with high sensitivity. When an important customer is involved in industry reorganization, we assume multiple scenarios, including a scenario that we actively involve reorganization, and try to reduce or avoid risks.

Risks concerning Compliance

TDK is subject to and required to comply with various regulations in Japan and other countries where we conduct business. These regulations are related to business and investments, the safety of electric and electronic products, national security between nations, export/import, commercial, antitrust, patents, product liability, the environment and taxation.

TDK has appointed a Global Chief Compliance Officer and Regional Chief Compliance Officers for Japan and four other regions to oversee compliance-related initiatives including risk assessment and mitigation, education, and training in order to minimize the risk of non-compliance throughout the TDK Group including its corporate officers and employees. And, we have established a Corporate Code of Ethics and have been striving to foster a sincere, fair, and transparent corporate culture. However, despite of above measures, conflict with these regulations and wrongdoing by corporate officers or employees may not be avoidable.
In the event of such, the social credibility of the TDK Group may decline, and customers may cease business with TDK. This could have a significant adverse effect on business results.

In the event that laws and regulations become more stringent in the future, a large charge related to such regulations or a partial withdrawal from the particular business when compliance with the regulation is difficult could have a significant adverse effect on business results.

(Major Countermeasures)

TDK is implementing the following activities to reduce compliance risks and foster a compliance culture in TDK Group:
- internal investigation utilizing outside experts;
- announcement of thorough compliance from TDK president and the head of each group company;
- employee education and enlightenment of compliance through lecture and e-learning; and
- formulation and enforcement of internal rules based on the standards required by the US Department of Justice.

Risks concerning product quality

TDK conducts quality management of various products at domestic and overseas manufacturing bases in accordance with International Quality Management Standards (valid version of ISO 9001, IATF16949, and/or other applicable standards) and the standards required by customers in the technologically innovative electronics industry. Furthermore, TDK utilizes proprietary quality technologies and past data concerning quality issues to create a quality assurance system for building in quality from the earliest development stage so as to ensure reliability and safety. This is achieved through design inspections, internal quality audits, supplier surveys and guidance, process management and in other ways at each product stage including planning, design, prototyping and manufacturing.

However, TDK cannot be fully certain that faults in quality (including cases where products contain substances that may be prohibited by applicable regulations) and recalls due to those faults will not occur. Should a recall or a product liability claim against us occur, it could result in recall costs or damage claims and lower sales. Furthermore, it is assumed that a defect in quality in one of TDK’s name-bearing products would have a negative impact on our reputation and brand, and endanger the continued existence of the company. In such a way, a major quality problem could have a significant effect on business results.

(Major Countermeasures)

TDK is implementing various measures from the perspectives of design, materials, processes, and management in order to reduce the risk of quality defects (including the inclusion of regulated substances). In particular, as the number of products incorporating ICs and software is increasing, we are also working to strengthen IC analysis technology and software vulnerability countermeasures.

Risks concerning intellectual property

TDK is working hard to strengthen and utilize its patent portfolio by managing and acquiring the portfolio, licenses and other intellectual property rights covering TDK’s products’ functions, designs and so forth (hereinafter “intellectual property rights”), as a strategic intellectual property activity that contributes to business earnings.

However, there are cases where our intellectual property rights cannot be fully protected in a particular region for reasons unique to that region. We may suffer damages resulting from the manufacture by a third party of similar products to our own with the unauthorized use of our intellectual property rights.

There may be cases where it is alleged that our products or processes infringe on the intellectual property rights of third parties that may sue for damages as a result of such alleged infringement. This would require either legal processes or settlement negotiations and expenses as a part of that activity. If our defenses against such claims are not accepted in such disputes, we may have to pay damages and royalties and suffer losses such as the loss of markets.

Such disputes over intellectual property rights could have a significant effect on business development and business results.

(Major Countermeasures)

In cases where a third party uses TDK’s intellectual property without permission, we have established and enforced a system to monitor the unauthorized use of our brand and the sale of counterfeit products on a commercial transaction website.

On the other hand, TDK put up a corporate policy to respect for the intellectual property rights owned by others, and is working on reducing the risk of infringing intellectual property rights by taking investigation, prevention measures, and solutions in advance of product development.

Risks concerning information security

As part of its business operations, TDK holds confidential information and personal information relating to customers and trading partners as well as confidential information of the Group and personal information. We have constructed a group-wide control system to prevent this information from being leaked to outside parties, falsified, otherwise manipulated, or destroyed. Moreover, we execute measures to ensure thorough management and IT security, improved facility security and employee training. However, there are still risks that such information could be leaked, destroyed, or falsified or that information systems are shut down through hacking, internal negligence, theft or other causes.

In such an event, TDK could suffer a lowering of credibility, be liable for costs relating to the compensation payments to the parties suffering damage, and suspend its operations. That could also have an effect on business results.

(Major Countermeasures)

TDK implements a vulnerability diagnosis on the information system by information security specialists and improves it if any problem is recognized. As for information security management, we are working on strengthening information security systems across TDK group companies based on the framework of NIST (National Institute of Standards and Technology, USA).

As measures to prevent information leakage from the TDK group companies, TDK restricts access to sensitive data by employing folder access controls, restricts usage of devices with high risk of information leakage such as a USB memory, SD card, etc., and thoroughly implements information security education for employees. In case TDK suffers damage related to information security, we have globally enhanced the system to recover quickly. Furthermore, we have procured cyber-attack insurance for the entire TDK group.

Risks concerning securing personnel and training personnel

TDK pursues business operations in more than 30 countries and regions around the world, and more than 90% of TDK employees are based outside of Japan. In order to continuously develop business in the fast-changing electronics industry, we believe that we must continuously promote efforts to acquire and develop various personnel who possess advanced technical skills and personnel with excellent management capabilities such as those necessary for formulating strategy and managing organizations globally.

However, competition to continuously recruit the necessary employees is intense. Moreover, in Japan, the employment environment is changing rapidly because of the falling birthrate, the aging population, and the declining workforce. A similar change is occurring at our overseas bases in China and other countries. The inability to recruit and train personnel as planned could have a significant effect on business development, business results and growth from a long-term perspective.

(Major Countermeasures)

TDK actively hires university graduates and employs experienced people throughout the year. Especially in Japan, our recruiting team was working to implement a virtual interviewing scheme to increase the contact opportunities and reach to various students and experienced persons even before the COVID-19 situation. As a result, we could smoothly transform the recruiting method to cope with the current COVID-19 related challenges.

Moreover, we are working to retain and develop personnel by putting in place frameworks for increasing their motivation. This includes enhancing fair evaluation and remuneration systems based on a target-based management system. We improve and extend various training programs to develop employees who can act independently and globally, and to pass on the “DNA” of our manufacturing as well as values and knowledge of the TDK Group. These include different management training tailored to our hierarchy levels, so we develop our future management talents as well as our existing global key personnel.

Risks concerning M&A

In the increasingly competitive electronics field, for necessary technologies and other elements which increase corporate value, we conduct M&As as necessity if they are effective means to accelerate business growth or major synergies can be expected in terms of establishing a competitive edge in the market.

When conducting M&As, we take sufficiently into account market trends, customer needs, the business results, financial position, technological advantage and market competitiveness of the target companies, TDK’s business portfolio, risk analysis associated with the M&As, and other factors.

However, even in case there is prior research or prior consideration, tumultuous changes in the market and competitive environment after M&A could occur, the acquired business could fail to develop as planned, or the investment cannot be recovered or additional expenses are incurred. If that were to happen, TDK’s business results, growth and business development among others could be significantly affected.

(Major Countermeasures)

Each M&A project proposal is examined and decided from various perspectives at the Board of Directors consisting of one third (1/3) or more outside directors, considering whether it is consistent with the growth strategy and the target to be aimed, or its business plan is feasible or not. Besides, in order to smoothly proceed with post-merger integration and maximize integration synergies, we have defined a standard target of the matters to be implemented and its achievement timing in the post-merger integration.

Risks of impairment of fixed asset and goodwill

TDK has continuously invested on capital expenses such as manufacturing facilities to improve production capacity, quality, or productivity. And, if necessary, we have implemented M&A to accelerate the growth of business. As a result of these investments, we own a large amount of assets such as “property, plant and equipment,” “intangible fixed asset with certain recognizable amortization period,” and “goodwill and other intangible asset.” Goodwill of 165.1 billion yen was booked on the consolidated balance sheet as of the end of March 31, 2021, of which 98.7 billion yen related to InvenSense, Inc., acquired in May 2017.

With respect to “property, plant and equipment” and “intangible fixed asset with certain recognizable amortization period,” we conduct an impairment test if there is an indication that we are not able to collect the carrying amount of the assets. In the event that the impairment test judges that these assets no longer create enough cash flow in the future, there may be a need to recognize an impairment. With respect to “goodwill and other intangible asset,” we conduct an impairment test at least once a year, or when the fair value of goodwill reporting units and other intangible assets tend to fall below the book value or in case of any changes in situations. If the book value of these goodwill and intangible assets exceeds their fair value, impairment loss is recognized.

When we recognize a large amount of impairment, it could have a significant effect on business results.

(Major Countermeasures)

TDK introduced a business portfolio management system which considers business profitability and growth potential. With this management system, we make investment decisions by “selection and concentration” and try to avoid future impairment risk.

In addition, for a business at higher risk of impairment, we monitor its performance and progress against an improvement plan from the beginning of the fiscal year. Business division and headquarters functions work together to consider the possibility to recover business profitability.